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Silo Construction & Design

Silo Construction

Many factors determine the construction of a silo, including the size needed and the material to be stored. Marietta Silos will work with you to determine what type of silo will best meet your needs. View our Silo FAQ on Ask Mr. Silo, or submit your own question to our experts.

Silo Design

Our silo design inherently revolves around customizing a design to the materials to be stored, the equipment required to move it and clients’ specific needs in material handling. 

The most critical portions of this design involves the lower portion of the silo, where the large loads from the material being stored are channeled and an efficient flow pattern that allows for efficient unloading of the silo.

Marietta Silos’ knowledge and experience means that our designs will be the best possible designs to fit your needs.

Flat Bottom

Flat Bottom SiloThe material to be stored in the silo determines the bin floor design. For materials which require fluidizing systems, such as fly ash or cement, flat bottom silos allow air slides to be bolted directly to the bin floor or onto plinths cast into the floor. When columns are needed below the floor, a compromise between the silo designer and the material handling designer takes place to ensure the needs of both are met.

Additionally, equipment floors can be designed to accept loads from mixing, conditioning and unloading equipment, if needed.


Cone Bottom

Cone Bottom SiloFor most materials, a funnel is installed at the bin floor.  In large diameter silos, the cone is supported by the bin bottom floor, thereby creating a low risk design. In certain applications for smaller diameter silos, a steel cone can be attached to the sidewalls allowing the silo wall to support the hanging cone. 

By adjusting the shape of this cone, flow patterns specific to the needs of the materials stored can be achieved.  For some materials, this is needed to eliminate safety concerns and dangerous shuttle flow patterns.